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When the Christian religion reached Scandinavia, other processes than just the introduction of a new religion were initiated; a new view of time was one of these.
After Ragnarök, the end of the world in Norse mythology, everything shall begin anew. This idea is not unique to ancient Norse religion but is a vital component of most religions and cultures.
The rebirth of the world after its destruction is tied to the concept known as cyclic time. A cyclic view of time and of the world, as opposed to the Christian linear view, holds that everything begins anew time after another ad infinitum. The cyclic view most often appear in polytheistic religions and typically in hunter-gatherer societies and farming cultures with a strong reliance on the cycles of nature.
The linear view of time is a concept strongly tied to the monoteistic abrahamitic religions and they see everything as following a single divine plan, with a single original beginning and a single ultimate end.
Snorri's Gylfaginning on what happens after Ragnarök:

"Shall any of the gods live then, or shall there be then any earth or heaven?" Hárr answered: "In that time the earth shall emerge out of the sea, and shall then be green and fair; then shall the fruits of it be brought forth unsown. Vídarr and Váli shall be living, inasmuch as neither sea nor the fire of Surtr shall have harmed them; and they shall dwell at Ida-Plain, where Ásgard was before. And then the sons of Thor, Módi and Magni, shall come there, and they shall have Mjöllnir there. After that Baldr shall come thither, and Hödr, from Hel; then all shall sit down together and hold speech. with one another, and call to mind their secret wisdom, and speak of those happenings which have been before: of the Midgard Serpent and of Fenris-Wolf. Then they shall find in the grass those golden chess-pieces which the Æsir had had [...] .
In the place called Hoddmímir's Holt there shall lie hidden during the Fire of Surtr two of mankind, who are called thus: Líf and Lífthrasir, and for food they shall have the morning-dews. From these folk shall come so numerous an offspring that all the world shall be peopled [...]"
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