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The passages of most West Geatish passage graves are aligned with the rising and setting sun at the vernal and autumnal equinoxes. The inner chamber, in its turn, is oriented toward the north and south.

We have no way of actually knowing why this is the case, but the common interpretation is that the people of the Neolithic led a life that revolved around aspects of nature that were in every way dependent on the sun. Their primary sustenance was the yields from the sedentary farming life they and their ancestors had begun to lead; in stark contrast to the aeons of hunting and gathering which had preceded them. The time of year to plow, sow, harvest, or toil in any other fashion, was largely linked to the appearance and disappearance of the sun, and the weather and warmth it brought ... or failed to bring. Thus, the sun was regularly deified, and was most often considered the chief deity, in both prehistoric and historic farming societies.

As the sun seemed to die in a bloodred spectacle in the west every evening, and nature as a whole likewise seemed to begin its trek towards death or rebirth during the solstices, it would probably seem right to a farming population depending on this same sun and nature, to align their funerary rites with these cycles to the best of their ability. It is not a coincidence that the Pyramids and the other tombs of the god kings of Egypt are situated on the west side of the Nile - the river that was the definition and essence of life to the ancient Egyptians; where the sun died on its voyage from cradle to grave was also the appropriate place for the custodians of the Nile and its divine lifegiving properties - the Pharaos - to be buried.

In comparison, hunter-gatherer societies deified the things that were all-important and lifebringing in their lives, often the animals that they hunted and fed upon, the different forces of nature which brought about the migrations and other behaviour patterns of said animals, or the hunter's moon as a great spirit to be relied upon, but seldom mighty sun gods.
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